鼓機文獻


主題:The clip of western percussion history - the formation of cross-hand and drunsets
撰稿者:L.F

內文:

The history of percussions....

 

Traditionally, drumset players have used the right hand to play the ride cymbal or hi-hat while the left hand played the snare drum. Some left-handed players do just the opposite. In a few cases, the drummers reverse their setups so that the hi-hat is on the right and the bass drum played with the left foot. These drummers still tend to " cross over " and play hi-hat with the left hand and snare drum with the right.

 

But some left handed players use the basic arrangement as right-handed players, except that the main ride cymbal is on the left. This allows them to play " open handed " with the left hand on the hi-hat and the right hand on the snare drum.

 

Looking at a standard setup, one might wonder why drummers traditionally play in the crossed hands position, playing hi-hat with the right hand and snare drum with the left. To answer that question, one needs to take a quick look at drumset history.

 

To begin with, early drumsets didn't have hi-hat cymbals. They did have " sock " cymbals, which consisted of two cymbals mounted on a pedal that were played with the left foot. But they were down on the floor and were only played with the pedal.

 

When sock cymbals evolve into hi-hats, which allowed them to play with a stick, drummers just reached over with the right hand and kept the left hand on the snare drum. Most of the playing was still done on the ride cymbal, so they were spending very little time with their hands crossed. Also, most drummers were using traditional grip, and it would have been awkward to reach up and play the hi-hat cymbals with the traditional left-hand grip.

 

As rock'n'roll developed in the '50s and '60s, drummers gradually began to play more hi-hat than ride cymbal. Many drummers also switched to matched grip. They were so used to crossing over to play the hi-hat with the right hand that they continued doing it.

 

With the increasing influence of funk-based rock drumming, players started wanting the snare drum to be a lot louder than the hi-hat. This began to cause problems, as it was difficult to hit the snare drum very hard with the left hand when the right stick was in the way. ( By contrast, in '50s and '60s, snare drum and hi-hat were more equal in volume - a sound you can hear on a lot of the Beatles recordings.)

 

In order to have more room to make a bigger stoke with the left hand on the snare drum, some drummers tried setting up the snare drum very low and the hi-hat very high. Drummers also started experimenting with auxiliary hi-hats that could be placed on the right-hand side of the drumset. Some consisted of a pair of hi-hat cymbals that were mounted in the closed position. A drummer could ride on this set of hats but use the regular set for pedal effects. Other auxiliary hi-hats featured cables that allowed the cymbals to be placed on the right-hand side of the setup and still have a pedal in the traditional position on the left.

 

Some drummers, though, began questioning the idea of crossing the hands. Today, many drummers play open-handed. When playing hi-hat and the snare drum, they play the hi-hat with the left hand and the snare drum with the right. When playing ride cymbal and snare, they switch and play the cymbal with the right and the snare with the left. Drummers who have spent years always playing both ride cymbal and hi-hat with the right hand and the snare drum with the left might feel awkward the first time they try playing hi-hat with the right hand and the snare drum with the right, but it doesn't take long to start feeling comfortable playing that way.